How to restart Linux from inside a C++ program?


How to restart Linux from inside a C++ program?



I have a Qt 4 GUI where I need to have a option in a drop-down menu that allows the user to choose to restart the computer. I realize this might seem redunant with the ability to restart the computer in other ways, but the choice needs to stay there. I've tried using system() to call the following:

  1. a suid-root shell script
  2. a non-suid shell script
  3. a suid-root binary program

and all of them just cause

reboot: must be superuser
to be printed. Using system() to call reboot directly does the same thing. I'm not especially attached to using system() to do this, but it seemed like the most direct choice.

How can I reboot the system from the GUI?




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#define LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_POWER_OFF 0x4321fedc     sync(); reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_POWER_OFF); 


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Have you tried running a shell script, using gksudo? Something like .
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gksudo shutdown -r 
With any luck, that should pull up a modal dialogue to get user credentials..
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3:


The reboot function is described in the Linux Programmer's Manual.

Under glibc, you can pass the RB_AUTOBOOT macro constant to perform the reboot.. Note that if reboot is not preceded by a call to sync, data may be lost.. Using glibc in Linux: .
#include <unistd.h> #include <sys/reboot.h>  sync(); reboot(RB_AUTOBOOT); 


4:


suid-ing shell scripts is just dangerous as already mentioned (which is why that didn't work).. I suspect that suid-ing the binary doesn't work because system spawns its subprocess with the user's actual uid and not the suid one, again for security reasons (it would let you substitute any binary for the one being called and run it as root).. You could put a copy of reboot in a location protected such that only users you want have permission to can execute it, and then suid-root THAT.. Alternately give them sudoer privilege to execute JUST the command you care about and system out to something like "ksh -c 'sudo reboot'".


5:


In binary try to call.
setuid (0); 
before system() call..


6:


how would you reboot the system from the command line on your system?. basically do .
system( <however you wouuld do it from the command line> ); 



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